This volume of the Radwaste Desk Reference contains fundamental practical and regulatory information on the transportation of radioactive waste. Because its information is based entirely on industry practice, the work can serve as an extensive “how-to” manual for both the newcomer and the experienced radwaste professional.
The technical, regulatory, and economic factors affecting radwaste management are so broad that no one individual is an accomplished expert in all aspects. Therefore, a need exists for a comprehensive reference manual capturing the collective knowledge of recognized industry experts on a variety of radwaste issues. In the first half of the 1990s, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) met this need by developing a four-volume Radwaste Desk Reference covering all aspects of radwaste management. Volume 5, Transportation, was issued in 1995 and revised in 2000.
In 2003, the Department of Transportation (DOT) significantly revised the transportation regulations to include requirements for transportation security. In 2004, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) issued new regulations for transportation security, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) issued additional security measures in 2005. Given the broad impact of these new rules and measures on nuclear utilities, a revision to the Transportation volume is necessary.
In 2010, the DOT Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) issued letters of interpretations to questions related to placarding requirements for Class 7 (radioactive) materials. The responses are official interpretations and clarifications of the hazardous Materials Regulation and resulted in the need for inclusion in this reference document. The DOT-PHMSA also issued a Risk-Based Adjustment of the Transportation Security Plan Requirements, Final Rule, effective October 1, 2010. Those changes are also addressed in this revision of the Radwaste Desk Reference.
To update the information in Volume 5 of the Radwaste Desk Reference to capture existing knowledge, regulatory requirements, additional security measures, and checklists related to the transportation security plan requirements and placarding of Class 7 (radioactive) materials
This transportation update uses a question-and-answer format consistent with the existing volumes of the Radwaste Desk Reference. This format allows the information to be accessed by radwaste professionals with a variety of training, experience, and interests. The questions are consistent with the scope of questions and information on transportation issues addressed in the existing Volume 5, expanded to incorporate the DOT-PHMSA 2010 changes to the transportation security plan and the official interpretations of placarding Class 7 (radioactive) materials. Essentially, the changes made to this volume are as follows:
- The revision of Sections 2 and 10 on placarding
- The revision of Section 8 on transportation security
- The revision of the transportation security review checklist in Section 11
- Updated terms in the Glossary
- Updated bibliographical sources related to the DOT rules and interpretations
This updated volume of the Radwaste Desk Reference is an easy-to-comprehend guide to managing radwaste transportation, including transportation security. It can be used as a training manual for new radwaste technicians and supervisors; as a review guide for experienced radwaste professionals; or as a primary resource reference book for nuclear facilities, shippers, and transporters of radioactive materials as well as universities. It includes transportation checklists that can be compared to and/or incorporated into existing waste management program procedures, used as stand-alone checklists, or used as quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) audit and inspection checklists. This report can also be used as a guide for nuclear managers and experienced radwaste supervisors for evaluating and understanding the more complex regulatory, economic, security, and management issues affecting radwaste practices.